Jan 10- 14
Tuesday Jan 11- Please hand in your sketchbooks. Read the Renaissance and write notes on a seperate piece of paper. In class- work on Haiku watercolour ink drawings

Thursday Jan 13- Early Renaissance

Renaissance through the Baroque

The Renaissance

By the beginning of the 15th century, a new era was born. It was characterized by a revival of interest in arts & sciences that had been lost since antiquity.This revival, or "rebirth" is known as the birth of the era of the individual (re-birth of life-like art over supernatural).

A re-discovery of the Greco-Roman tradition helped artists reproduce visual images accurately. Aided by the expansion of scientific knowledge, such as the understanding of anatomy and perspective, painters of the 15th through 16th centuries went beyond Greece and Rome in technical proficiency.

In the Renaissance, the artist was freed from the restrictive dogma of the Medieval church. It was during this period that the role of the artist went from simple maker (suggesting an anonymous craftsperson) to that of creator (suggesting individual genius).

Five main Renaissance breakthroughs/re-discoveries:
1) oil on wood/canvas:allowed greater range of colors and gradations of tone than had been allowed to painters using tempera and fresco on plaster walls.(oil was in the Northern Renaissance and in High Renaissance mostly in Venice)

2) use of perspective: the methods of creating illusion of depth on a flat surface became the foundation of European painting for the next 500 years (linear & atmospheric).

3) chiaroscuro: light to dark technique for modeling forms used to produce illusion of rounded, sculptural relief on a flat surface. Light and shadow was a breakthrough to just using lines to create form.

4) pyramid configuration: rigid profile portraits & grouping of figures on a horizontal grid in the picture’s foreground gave way to a more 3-dimensional composition.

5) contrapposto: the re-visitation& exploration in sculpture of principle of the weight inwhich the weight of the body rested on one leg with the body re-aligned accordingly (giving the illusion of a figure in arrested motion andenergy).

As the Renaissance spread from Italy (main center was Florence) to Northern Europe, it took on different forms. Overall, during the Renaissance, times were pretty stable:


Italian ("High") Renaissance VS
Northern Renaissance
specialty:
ideal beauty
intense realism
style:
simplified forms
measured proportions
life like features
subjects:
religious & mythological
religious & domestic
figures:
heroicmale nudes
prosperous citizens & peasants
portraits:
formal, reserved
reveal individual personality
techniques:
fresco, tempera, oil
oil paintings on wood panel
emphasis:
underlying anatomical structure
visible appearance & detail
basis of art:
theory
observation
composition:
static, balanced, symmetrical
complex, irregular