Summary of the week-
you were instructed on Monday to find a picture that evoked strong memories or feeling and write a Haiku (5-7-5 sylables ) for Wednesday. On Wednesday we swapped these Haikus and students were to creat an ink and watercolour wash sketch interpreting these haikus. Then they are to show the original writer- finally you are to create your own sketch for the Hiku- incorporate the Haiku into your drawing.

I also gave you to the end of the week to finsihe your wire sculpture. (Half the class has already finished.

Next week we will start a project on drawing a charcoal portrait. Find a face you wish to draw or I have ones I can give you. It should be large and have detail and strong shading in contrast- this will help you in your drawing. Note- teeth are oftern difficullt to draw. I would like a frontal picture in order to practice proportion.

Next week will also start the Renaissance.



I found a very good summary of the Middle Ages Art and wanted to share it with you:


The Middle Ages (Age of Religion)

The Middle Ages (aka the Medieval Period & the Christian Era) includes the millennium from the 5th to the 15th centuries (from the fall of Rome until the Renaissance).

Three major shifts occurred that had far-reaching effects on western civilization:
1) Cultural leadership moved north from the Mediterranean to France, Germany & the British Isles;
2) Christianity triumphed over paganism and barbarism;
3) Emphasis shifted from the "here-&-now" to the "hereafter", and with it from the "body as beautiful" to the "body as corrupt"

The artist/artisan/craftsperson was anonymous.

Christian focus was on salvation for a glorious after-life.

Nudes were forbidden and images of clothed bodies showed ignorance of anatomy.

Interest in realistically representing objects of the world disappeared.

There was less interest in still-lifes, landscapes.

Medieval artisans were interested exclusively in the soul, especially in instructing new believers in church dogma.

Art became the servant of the church.

Theologians believed church members wouldcome to appreciate divine beauty through materialbeauty.

Lavish mosaics, paintings and sculpture were created.


Medieval art was composed of three different styles:


Byzantine
Romanesque
Gothic
Art:
mosaics, icons
frescoes, stylized sculpture
stainedglass, icons, illuminations



gargoyles
Architecture:
central-dome church, rectangular basilica
barrel-vauted church
groin vault
pointed arch, flying buttress, groin and ribbed vault
example:
Hagia Sophia, Turkey
St. Sernin, France
Chartres Cathedral and Notre Dame, France




PeakYears:
530s AD
1080 - 1200 AD
1190 - 1260 AD




MainPlace
Constantinople, Turkey
France
France & Germany


Byzantine
1) Byzantine refers to eastern Mediterranean art from 330 AD when Constantine transferred theseat of the Roman Empire to Byzantium (later called Constantinople- todays Istanbul) until the city’s fall to the Turks in 1453 AD.
2) Constantine chose to make his places of worship shaped like a rectangle loosely based on Roman designs for public buildings.
3) Generally speaking, Byzantine art is flat and highly-patterned.
4) Many churches were adorned elaborately on the inside with marble and glittering mosaics (small bits ofglass, stones, or tiles arranged in a pattern).
5) Mosaics were intended to publicize the Christian creed, so their subjects were generally religion with Christ shown as teacher and all-powerful ruler.
6) Sumptuous grandeur, with halos spotlighting sacred figures and shimmering gold backgrounds, characterize their works.
7) The Byzantine mosaic artist had little interest in naturalism. Their intention was to create a symbolic, mystical art. The mosaics caused the light in the interior to be almost transcendental in feeling.

Characteristics of Byzantine mosaics:
1) used reflective glass cubes- terrase
2) surfaces were left uneven so work sparkled
3) glowing glass in wide range of colors
4) found on walls and ceilings, esp. domes
5) subjects were religious, like Jesus as shepherd
6) large cubes in stylized designs
7) background was abstract: sky blue or gold

Romanesque
When Charlemagne assumed leadership in 771 AD, Romanization was assured.
He was intent on restoring the glories ofthe Roman civilization.

Romanesque Art was the dominant style from the 8th to the 12th centuries, and, in architecture, is characterized by the round arch and the barrel vault.

Characteristics of Romanesque architecture:
1) emphasis: horizontal layout
2) elevation: modest height
3) layout: multiple units
4) main trait: rounded arch
5) support system: piers, walls
6) engineering: barrel and groin vaults
7) ambience: dark, solemn
8) exterior: simple, severe

Sculpture- Typanium- rounded bas relief sculpture over the door instructing the masses on religious beliefs.

Characteristics of Romanesque mosaics:
1) used opaque marble & stone cubes
2) surfaces were smooth, flat finish
3) colors limited due to use of natural stones
4) typically found on floors of private homes
5) subjects were secular, like games, battles
6) used small pieces as attempt for detail
7) background represented landscape

Gothic
Gothic Art was the dominant style from the 12th to the 15th centuries, and, in architecture, is characterized by the pointed arch and flying buttresses.

Characteristics of Gothic architecture:
1) emphasis: verticality
2) elevation: soaring
3) layout: unified, unbroken space
4) main trait: pointed arch
5) support system: exterior flying buttresses
6) engineering: ribbed groin vaults
7) ambience: airy, bright
8) exterior: richly decorated w/sculptures

Churches, mosques, temples were more than simply assembly halls.They were texts with volumes of ornaments & motifs preaching the path to salvation.

Remember the gargoyles.