Oct 3- 7

Monday Oct 3- Galliano inspiration slideshoe
Medieval Art History
Investigated Journal-
1.Create 2 pages summarizing knowledge. If you use photos do not use ones from my powerpoint (unless I took the picture) find
your own and source it correctly- cover new terms (icons, Illuminations etc.), include Hagias Sofia, Notre Dame
2. Contrast and Compare- Romanesque and Gothic Architecture
3. What item may inspire you in the future, Why?
4. In your sketchbook for next Friday Oct 14- use this time period as inspration- create a 'box' for a graphic novel, go to flickr.com
for a tourist picture (make sure it is open source and note source) and create a ink and watercolour wash sketch, design your next
home in gothic style , create a sketch gargoyle of a present day celebrity etc.....push your imagination and use the past as
inspiration.





I found a very good summary of the Middle Ages Art and wanted to share it with you:


The Middle Ages (Age of Religion)

The Middle Ages (aka the Medieval Period & the Christian Era) includes the millennium from the 5th to the 15th centuries
(from the fall of Rome until the Renaissance).

Three major shifts occurred that had far-reaching effects on western civilization:
1) Cultural leadership moved north from the Mediterranean to France, Germany & the British Isles;
2) Christianity triumphed over paganism and barbarism;
3) Emphasis shifted from the "here-&-now" to the "hereafter", and with it from the "body as beautiful" to the "body as corrupt"

The artist/artisan/craftsperson was anonymous.

Christian focus was on salvation for a glorious after-life.

Nudes were forbidden and images of clothed bodies showed ignorance of anatomy.

Interest in realistically representing objects of the world disappeared.

There was less interest in still-lifes, landscapes.

Medieval artisans were interested exclusively in the soul, especially in instructing new believers in church dogma.

Art became the servant of the church.

Theologians believed church members wouldcome to appreciate divine beauty through materialbeauty.

Lavish mosaics, paintings and sculpture were created.


Medieval art was composed of three different styles:


Byzantine
Romanesque
Gothic
Art:
mosaics, icons
frescoes, stylized sculpture
stainedglass, icons, illuminations



gargoyles
Architecture:
central-dome church, rectangular basilica
barrel-vauted church
groin vault
pointed arch, flying buttress, groin and ribbed
vault
example:
Hagia Sophia, Turkey
St. Sernin, France
Chartres Cathedral and Notre Dame, France




PeakYears:
530s AD
1080 - 1200 AD
1190 - 1260 AD




MainPlace
Constantinople, Turkey
France
France & Germany


Byzantine
1) Byzantine refers to eastern Mediterranean art from 330 AD when Constantine transferred theseat of the Roman Empire to
Byzantium (later called Constantinople- todays Istanbul) until the city’s fall to the Turks in 1453 AD.
2) Constantine chose to make his places of worship shaped like a rectangle loosely based on Roman designs for public buildings.
3) Generally speaking, Byzantine art is flat and highly-patterned.
4) Many churches were adorned elaborately on the inside with marble and glittering mosaics (small bits ofglass, stones, or tiles
arranged in a pattern).
5) Mosaics were intended to publicize the Christian creed, so their subjects were generally religion with Christ shown as teacher
and all-powerful ruler.
6) Sumptuous grandeur, with halos spotlighting sacred figures and shimmering gold backgrounds, characterize their works.
7) The Byzantine mosaic artist had little interest in naturalism. Their intention was to create a symbolic, mystical art. The mosaics
caused the light in the interior to be almost transcendental in feeling.

Characteristics of Byzantine mosaics:
1) used reflective glass cubes- terrase
2) surfaces were left uneven so work sparkled
3) glowing glass in wide range of colors
4) found on walls and ceilings, esp. domes
5) subjects were religious, like Jesus as shepherd
6) large cubes in stylized designs
7) background was abstract: sky blue or gold

Romanesque
When Charlemagne assumed leadership in 771 AD, Romanization was assured.
He was intent on restoring the glories ofthe Roman civilization.

Romanesque Art was the dominant style from the 8th to the 12th centuries, and, in architecture, is characterized by the round arch
and the barrel vault.

Characteristics of Romanesque architecture:
1) emphasis: horizontal layout
2) elevation: modest height
3) layout: multiple units
4) main trait: rounded arch
5) support system: piers, walls
6) engineering: barrel and groin vaults
7) ambience: dark, solemn
8) exterior: simple, severe

Sculpture- Typanium- rounded bas relief sculpture over the door instructing the masses on religious beliefs.

Characteristics of Romanesque mosaics:
1) used opaque marble & stone cubes
2) surfaces were smooth, flat finish
3) colors limited due to use of natural stones
4) typically found on floors of private homes
5) subjects were secular, like games, battles
6) used small pieces as attempt for detail
7) background represented landscape

Gothic
Gothic Art was the dominant style from the 12th to the 15th centuries, and, in architecture, is characterized by the pointed arch
and flying buttresses.

Characteristics of Gothic architecture:
1) emphasis: verticality
2) elevation: soaring
3) layout: unified, unbroken space
4) main trait: pointed arch
5) support system: exterior flying buttresses
6) engineering: ribbed groin vaults
7) ambience: airy, bright
8) exterior: richly decorated w/sculptures

Churches, mosques, temples were more than simply assembly halls.They were texts with volumes of ornaments & motifs
preaching the path to salvation.